Home ignition zones

Home Ignition Zone

The main focus is to reduce the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) wildfire disasters within the home ignition zone. Work with your neighbours in any overlapping priority zones!

Zone 1A (0-1.5 metres away from your home): The most critical zone.

This should be a non-combustible zone. Clear this area of all materials that could easily ignite from a wildfire.

  • Clean debris from your roof and gutters.
  • Clear shrubs, tree branches, and other combustible vegetation from this zone. Keeping up with maintenance and regular cleaning is extremely important in this area.
  • Remove combustible material right down to the mineral soil.
  • Use non-flammable materials such as gravel, brick or concrete in this critical area adjacent to your home.
  • As your budget allows, consider long-term FireSmart home structure solutions.
    • Fire-resistant roof and deck materials
    • non-combustible stucco or metal siding
    • screening necessary areas (underneath decks, eaves, vents) with mesh to capture debris.

Zone 1 (1.5-10 metres from the home)

  • Regularly mow your lawn, clear weeds, rake up leaves, needles, and other debris.
  • Think about including debris clean-up in your spring and fall yard maintenance program.
  • Move firewood piles, construction materials, storage sheds and other combustible structures out of this zone and into Zone 2.
  • Avoid planting coniferous trees (cones and needles) in this zone, since they are highly flammable.
  • Plant low-density, fire-resistant plants and shrubs
  • Create a FireSmart yard so that fire will not easily transmit to your home.

Zone 2 (10-30 metres from home)

  • Regularly clean up surface debris. Fallen branches, dry grasses, needles, etc…
  • Prune Trees. Prune all branches within two metres of the ground.
  • If you are thinking about planting new trees in this zone, consider deciduous species.
  • On the coast, it is often better to keep the crown dense to support moisture retention, you do not need to remove the trees!

Zone 3 (30-100 metres from home):

  • Create an environment that will not support high-intensity crown fires.
  • A focus on fuel reduction and conversion (rather than removal) is the main priority in this zone.
  • Look for opportunities to create a fire break by creating space between trees and other flammable vegetation.
  • Home ignition zones often overlap with neighbouing properties, working cooperatively with neighbours not only helps to create a sustainable FireSmart community, it builds relationships and promotes environmental stewardship.

Emergency Services | 6300 Hammond Bay Road | Nanaimo, BC V9T 6N2 | E-mail: emergencyservices [at] rdn.bc.ca
Telephone: 250-390-4111 (Nanaimo) 1-877-607-4111 (Toll Free) | 250-390-2757 (Fax)